1 Morbihan Flag by Raphaël Vinet



The Citadel, Port-Louis, Morbihan

Entrance via the later (1636) demi-lune

In 1590 Spanish troops, who had arrived to support the Duc de Mercoeur (the Catholic Governor of Brittany) in revolt against the Protestant King Henry VI, built the first citadel at Port Blavet, naming it Fuerte del Aguila.  Following Mercoeur's defeat, Port Blavet (now Port-Louis) returned to French control in 1598 and the defences were later restored and extended in the period 1616-36 under Marshal Brissac and later Richelieu.

The main gate and the spade shaped bastions are of typical Spanish style and were the work of Cristobal de Rojas. The other bastions were designed by Jacques Corbineau.

The citadel was used as a prison and at one time incarcerated Louis Napoleon the future Emperor Napoleon III

The Citadel now houses the museum of the French East India Company (Musée de la Compagnie des Indes) and three other small museums: Musée des Armes Navales, Musée de Port-Louis et de la Citadelle and the Musée de l'Arsenal.

See also History notes on Port-Louis

The Porte Royale

Photos © blavet.co.uk

The original entrance approach to the Porte Royale

The north walls of the citadel facing Lorient

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